Saturday, October 11, 2014

Vaccination - A must for all goats!

Enterotoxemia is not a nice disease. 
  • It is pronounced [en-tuh-roh-tok-see-mee-uh] and is easier to prevent than pronounce. 
  • It can kill your goat in a matter of days with little chance of recovery, even with immediate treatment. 
  • The good news is, it can be prevented with a regular vaccination and proper feeding practices.

Enterotoxemia is caused by 2 strains of bacteria called Clostridium perfringens [Clostridium per·frin·gens] and are termed types C and D. 
  • These type C and D organisms are normally present in small amounts in the small and large intestine of all goats and do not cause problems unless the numbers of organisms increase dramatically. 
  • What appears to trigger the increase in numbers and the cause of the disease is a change in the diet of the animal. 
  • Most commonly, the change that triggers disease is an increase in the amount of grain, protein supplement or milk replacer for kids.  
How do you prevent this disease?

1. Proper feeding practices. 
  • Do not change the type of grain you are feeding immediately. If you change the amount, change it gradually, over a 1 week period of time.
2. Vaccinate with Clostridium perfringens type C + D
  •  This is the vaccine that everyone raising goats should use. 
  • Adult goats should receive vaccine once every year.
  • Keeping the mothers vaccinated is the best way to protect newborn animals against this disease Bacterial toxins are transferred to the newborns in the colostrum (first milk).
  • Growing babies get vaccinated at 10 weeks.  
Other shorts you may enjoy: 
Does Your Goat Suffer From CAE?
How to take a goats Temperature
How To Build a Hanging Hay Feeder 
Proper Feeding of Goats
A Clean Goat is a Healthy Goat 
Does You Goat Have Bad Breath?  
How to Build a Milking Stand
Feeding a Pregnant Doe
Newborn Goats Gotta Have It- Colostrum 
How to Build a Milking Stand 

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