Saturday, October 11, 2014

Vaccination - A must for all goats!

Enterotoxemia is not a nice disease. 
  • It is pronounced [en-tuh-roh-tok-see-mee-uh] and is easier to prevent than pronounce. 
  • It can kill your goat in a matter of days with little chance of recovery, even with immediate treatment. 
  • The good news is, it can be prevented with a regular vaccination and proper feeding practices.

Enterotoxemia is caused by 2 strains of bacteria called Clostridium perfringens [Clostridium per·frin·gens] and are termed types C and D. 
  • These type C and D organisms are normally present in small amounts in the small and large intestine of all goats and do not cause problems unless the numbers of organisms increase dramatically. 
  • What appears to trigger the increase in numbers and the cause of the disease is a change in the diet of the animal. 
  • Most commonly, the change that triggers disease is an increase in the amount of grain, protein supplement or milk replacer for kids.  
How do you prevent this disease?

1. Proper feeding practices. 
  • Do not change the type of grain you are feeding immediately. If you change the amount, change it gradually, over a 1 week period of time.
2. Vaccinate with Clostridium perfringens type C + D
  •  This is the vaccine that everyone raising goats should use. 
  • Adult goats should receive vaccine once every year.
  • Keeping the mothers vaccinated is the best way to protect newborn animals against this disease Bacterial toxins are transferred to the newborns in the colostrum (first milk).
  • Growing babies get vaccinated at 10 weeks.  
Other shorts you may enjoy: 
Does Your Goat Suffer From CAE?
How to take a goats Temperature
How To Build a Hanging Hay Feeder 
Proper Feeding of Goats
A Clean Goat is a Healthy Goat 
Does You Goat Have Bad Breath?  
How to Build a Milking Stand
Feeding a Pregnant Doe
Newborn Goats Gotta Have It- Colostrum 
How to Build a Milking Stand 

Wednesday, October 8, 2014

The Shocking Truth

My goats, cows and horses seem to be getting shocked when drinking from the water trough and will only lick at the water.
Tongue shocking while drinking is a very common occurrence. Livestock water troughs with tank heaters or troughs situated close to your electric fence are the most common scenarios. Both of these problems are fairly easy to fix. 

It might be that you animals are being shocked with "stray voltage". Cows, horses and goats specifically, are very acute to electric shock or even if there is electricity flowing down a wire, before they ever touch it.

Electric Fencing
First of all, electric fencing is used to keep animals away from stuff. I would say in all instances that it would not be anyone's intention to keep your animals away from the water trough. The best solution for stray voltage from your electric fence is to move your water trough completely away from the electric fencing. If that is not possible, install a ground rod near the water trough in a place that is most often wet. You will need to attach a ground wire to the rod you pounded in the ground (soil) and attach the other end of the wire to the ground post on your electric fence energizer. this should take care of your "stray voltage" from the electrical fence.

Tank Heater
Tank heaters almost never short out while under the water. If this were to happen, the breaker would most certainly trip and cut the power almost immediately. What does happen fairly often is that "stray voltage" is carried through the ground wire and into the trough, as the animal drinks, the circuit is completed and a slight shock occurs at the tongue. Purchase a 3-pronk to 2-prong adapter from any hardware store. Plug the tank heater into the adapter and the adapter into the electric source. Pound a ground rod into the soil close to the plug. Firmly attach a ground wire to the ground rod and the other end to the eyelet on the adapter. There you have it, you have stopped the "stray voltage" and provided a great ground for your tank heater.

Other shorts you may enjoy: 
How To Build a Hanging Hay Feeder
Heated Water Bucket - How to Build
Don't dump your livestock tank heater
Goat Water System
How to Build a Milking Stand